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Liguria Native Vines – First Part
Rosa D'AnconaMarch 1, 2007



Introduction

 
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Along with olives, viticulture is among the most ancient and widespread agricultural activities in Liguria. In this region the olive groves and the vineyards thrive on the the ridges overlooking the Mediterranean, as well as in the interior, in particular on the terraced hillsides that characterize the the regional viticulture. They are the legacy of tireless efforts by generations of farmers.

The wines from this regions were already appreciated in ancient times. In fact, the wines from Liguria are mentioned in the published work of Roman writer Strabone, and later in notes by Sante Lancerio, the wine provider for Pope Paul the Third.

The good fortune of the vitiviniculture in the region was brought to a sudden standstill in the second half of the 19th century by the phylloxera, which destroyed the local viticultural heritage almost completely.

After long years of struggle, and thanks to the re-qualification commitment undertaken by the Regional Agricultural Authority and hard work of some local producers, the identity and personality of the Ligurian wine shines once again. Currently the products of the Ligurian vitiviniculture are appreciated and generate the interests of wine buffs in Italy and abroad. In addition to the interest in the historic regional white wines, the local reds are receiving possibly even more attention, as they show characteristics that are widely appreciated by the modern wine drinker.

  Liguria

The positive results are in part due to the lucky pairing of terroir and characteristic native vines.

With the passing of time, different types of vine found their favored union of terroir and environment in which they thrived, thus undergoing a natural selection which resulted in the current production of unique quality wines. In fact, the wines produced by this "love union" have characteristic, unique personalities and are identified by a pleasant, sapid bouquet.

The regional administration is currently committed to protecting and promoting the local agricultural products, identifying all the specific varieties in each production area. The Vermentino grape is cultivated nearly everywhere in the region, while the Ormesaco and Rossese vines are found exclusively around Imperia, the Pigato and Lumassina in the Savona wine zone, the Bianchetta, Rollo and Ciliegiolo around Genoa, and the Albarola, Bosco and Pollera Nera in the area surrounding La Spezia.

There are 5,000 hectares (slightly over 12,355 acres) of vineyards in the region, which produce a yearly average of 170,000 hectoliters (around 4.5 million gallons) of wine.

The region produces eight DOC and three IGT wines.

DOC IGT
  • Dolceacqua,
  • Ormeasco,
  • Riviera di Ponente,
  • Valpolcevera,
  • Golfo del Tigullio,
  • Colline di Levanto,
  • Cinque Terre,
  • Colli di Luni
  • Colline Savonesi,
  • Golfo dei Poeti della Spezia,
  • Colline Genovesi

The production of DOC wines in Liguria involves 2,552 vintners, who bottle over 30,105 hectoliters (around 795,290 gallons) of wine per year. There are over 400 producers of IGT, who produce around 3,548 hectoliters (around 93,729 gallons) per year.

DOC and DOCG wines made with the main native vines

NATIVE GRAPES DOC WINES
DOCG WINES
Albarola
  • Cinque Terre
 
Bianchetta
  • Golfo del Tigullio
  • Val Polcèvera

 

Bosco
  • Cinque Terre
  • Colline di Levanto
Ciliegiolo
  • Golfo del Tigullio
  • Val Polcèvera
Ormeasco
  • Ormeasco di Pornassio
Pigato
  • Riviera Ligure di Ponente
Pollera Nera
  • Colli di Luni
Rossese
  • Riviera Ligure di Ponente
  • Rossese di Dolceacqua
Vermentino
  • Cinque Terre
  • Colli di Luni
  • Colline di Levanto
  • Golfo del Tigullio
  • Riviera Ligure di Ponente
  • Val Polcèvera


 
 
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