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Basilicata Native Vines – First Part
Rosa D'Ancona – October 1, 2005



Introduction

 
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As mentioned in the introduction to this column, wine is part of the cultural heritage of a region and its inhabitants.

This explains why several Italian regions have long promoted the wine quality appreciation among the various market players, including end users or the consumers. In fact, they have made detailed information about variety of grapes produced and particular local situations affecting wine production available to consumers. The aim of this is to reinforce the links between place and local enogastronomy culture. The Basilicata region is certainly among such active regions and, in the past ten years, the local vitivinicultural industry started harvesting some well-deserved world recognition.

In a landscaped of hills and ancient volcanoes, this region has confirmed the potential of its vineyards by dedicating to producing mostly quality wines.

The vines most widely cultivated include Aglianico (DOC since 1971), Malvasia, Sangiovese, Montepulciano and, in minor quantities, Merlot and Cabernet. Here and there though, a few vineyards are dedicated to growing the local Primitivo, believed to be a local descendant of the better known Primitivo from Apulia.

  Basilicata

The major production zones are the Vulture and Val D'Agri areas. These vineyards produce strong-bodied, long-lived wines, partly thanks to the soil composition, made of rich sediments that are all that remain of an ancient volcano.

It must be noted that the regional transit from the previously, mostly artisanal vitivinicolture to the current production of high quality wines, is due in part to the work of a handful of local producers, such as D'Angelo, with its Canneto wine made with pure native Aglianico grapes, or Paternoster, with the Don Anselmo wine, or Cantina del Notaio with La Firma line of wines.

In addition to the well-appreciated and excellent DOC Aglianico del Vulture, in Basilicata there are many other wines, all registered Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT, or Protected Geographical Designation), which promotes farther the local native vines. Among such wines there are:

  • Castelluccio/Massanova wine from Senise,
  • Coccaro wine from Garbone,
  • Graziano wine from Roccanova
  • Pisani wine from Viggiano
  • Lunati wine from Nova Siri
  • Dragone and Falciglia wines from Matera
  • Aglianico San Biagio
  • Acheruntina wine from Aderenza,
  • Malvasia and Moscato del Vulture wines from the Volture wine zone,
  • Asprigno wine from Ruoti
  • Grottino wine from Roccanova.

These wines are generally excellent with cheeses, meat recipes, cold cuts and preserved vegetables.

DOC and DOCG wines made with the main native vines

NATIVE GRAPES DOC WINES
DOCG WINES

Malvasia di Basilicata

Terre dell'Alta Val d'Agri

Aglianico

Aglianico del Vulture


Basilicata IGT wines

IGT WINE

NATIVE GRAPES

Grottino di Roccanova

  • Aglianicone
  • Aleatico
  • Asprinio Bianco
  • Bombino Bianco
  • Bombino Nero
  • Malvasia Bianca di Basilicata
  • Malvasia Nera di Basilicata
  • Primitivo

Basilicata

  • Aglianicone
  • Aleatico
  • Asprinio Bianco
  • Bombino Bianco
  • Bombino Nero
  • Ciliegiolo
  • Primitivo


 
 
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