Contact UsItalian - Flavor Consortiu,Versione Italiana
Italian - Flavor Consortiu,
Producers Products Italian - Flavor Consortiu, What We Do About Us
 
 
 HOME
 Producers
  Become an Associate
  Submit Products
 Products
  Wine
  Spirits
  Vegetable Oils
  Balsamic Vinegar
  Other Products
 What We Do
  Consortium
  Forums
  Marketing & Advertising
NEWS
  Sorsi DiVino
  Italian Flavor Forums
  Wine Awards Won
  Italian Native Vines
  General Index
Search the Network
About Us
Contact Us
Site Map
Versione Italiana
Previous Page

Italian quality wine and food selected by WineCountry.IT
WineCountry.IT
Extensive online database listing Italian wine producers, exporters, importers and distributors
Italian Wine Hub - Extensive online database listing Italian wine producers, exporters, importers and distributors
Extensive online gallery featuring over 1,000 Italian wine labels
Extensive online gallery featuring over 1,000 Italian wine labels

YOU ARE HERE >>

Abruzzo Native Vines – First Part
Rosa D'Ancona – November 15, 2005



Introduction

 
Going to Italy? Reserve your hotel from the best European online booking service.
 
Destination
Check-in date
Check-out date

Though Abruzzo is well known for its pristine environment, having earned the definition of 'Regione Verde d’Europa' ('European Green Region'), few know that viticulture was introduced in this region by the Etruscans in the Sixth or Seventh century B.C.. In fact, ancient writers and historians, such as Polibio from Megalopoli, Plinio the Elder and Andrea Bacci documented this culture in their works. Viticulture knowledge and techniques were passed from generation to generation and improved upon over the course of time, making Abruzzo currently the fifth largest wine producing region of Italy, following Veneto, Emilia Romagna, Sicily and Apulia. The regional vineyards cover 36,000 hectares (about 88,958 acres) and produce about 3.8 million hectoliters (about 100 million gallons) of wine, of which, over one million (about 26.5 million gallons) are DOC wines, and 180,000 hectoliters (about 4.78 million gallons) are IGT wines.

Viticulture takes up 70% of Chieti province, 10% of Pescara and Teramo provinces, and just slightly less than 4% of the province of l'Aquila. The prevailing growing technique here is the traditional tendone (big curtain), and it accounts for over 85% of all the vineyards, though recent vine installments mostly used different systems, such as the cordone speronato (cordon spur) and cordone libero (free cordon).

  Abruzzo

About 50,000 vintners grow an average 0.70 hectares (about 1.73 acres) of vineyards, which is fairly close to the national average. If we take into consideration the estates where grape growing accounts for most of the production, the number drops to 20,000 businesses, with an average of 1.5 hectares (about 3.7 acres) of vineyards each. Roughly 200 estates produce and bottle wine. Of those 40 are vintners' cooperatives and 160 are private wineries and bottling facilities.

The ampelographic platform of the region is quite wide and includes both native and international vines, though just two varieties, Montepulciano and Trebbiano, account for about 90% of the entire grape production. Nonetheless, several native grapes can be found in the region, some of which are fairly widespread, such as the Passerina and Pecorino, while still others, such as the Moscatello di Castiglione, are currently being reclaimed and registered in the national vine registry.

During the last 10 years, with the scientific collaboration of Bari University, ARSSA (Agenzia Regionale per i Servizi di Sviluppo Agricolo, or Regional Agency for Agricultural Services and Development) has conducted cloning and sanitary selection of the Abruzzo vines, to improve the local wine quality and highlight their unique qualities and originality.

The study identified and analyzed about 600 different vine strains. Unfortunately, a large amount of them were found to be infected with one or more viruses. The grapes that were analyzed included the following: Montepulciano (red), Trebbiano d'Abruzzo (white), Pecorino (white), Passerina (white), Sangiovese (red), Ciliegiolo (red), Moscato (white), Malvasia (white), Biancame (white), Maiolica (red), Gaglioppo (red), Montonico (white), Moscato (red), and Cococciola (white). Only Montepulciano, Trebbiano d'Abruzzo, Passerina, Montonico, Pecorino, Malvasia and Cococciola strains were found 'interesting' and healthy. All the other types are currently undergoing extended research and healing process.

Twenty healthy clones, derived from seven grape varieties, have been planted in comparative vineyards to identify the best suited environments. It must be said that modern viticulture has partially superceded the concept of cloning, thus opening the way for poly-clones. In fact, it is by assembling characteristics of multiple clones that it has become possible to obtain superior quality grapes. As for the other native vines, currently considered secondary, their recovery and selection will allow the expansion of the varietal pool available on a regional basis and open the way for the production of new varietal wines, such as Pecorino and Passerina, as well as for the creation of new blends of superior quality.

The re-qualification of the Abruzzo vitiviniculture included the increased production of DOC and the introduction of nine IGT wines, as well as the production of more types of wine, including whites, reds, rosés, novello and sparkling wines made with native grapes, such as Trebbiano, Passerina and Pecorino among others. Nonetheless, pre-existing critical factors such as the imbalance between market supply and demand, the need to accelerate the improvement of quality, management and production, still exist.

To face these obstacles, in December 2002 the Consorzio di Tutela Vini d’Abruzzo (Consortium for the Protection of the Abruzzo Wines) was founded. It currently has around 6,000 vintner members and 45 winemaker / bottling members, or over 60% of the whole DOC regional production. The primary goal of the organization is to elaborate a strategic, multi-year plan to inform and direct the most important production choices, and support them with a coherent promotion and communication plan.

DOC and DOCG wines made with the main native vines

NATIVE GRAPES DOC WINES
DOCG WINES
Montepulciano
  • Montepulciano d’Abruzzo
  • Controguerra Rosso
  • Montepuciano D’Abruzzo Colline Teramane
Trebbiano
  • Trebbiano d’Abruzzo
Passerina
  • Controguerra Bianco

Abruzzo IGT Wines

IGT WINES

NATIVE GRAPES

Alto Tirino

  • Coccocciola
  • Pecorino

Colli Aprutini

  • Coccocciola
  • Passerina
  • Pecorino

Colli del Sangro

  • Coccocciola
  • Pecorino

Colline Frentane

  • Coccocciola
  • Pecorino

Colline Pescaresi

  • Coccocciola
  • Pecorino

Colline Teatine

  • Coccocciola
  • Pecorino

Del Vastese o Histonium

  • Coccocciola
  • Pecorino

Terre di Chieti

  • Coccocciola
  • Pecorino

Valle Peligna

  • Coccocciola
  • Pecorino

 
 
Home
 

Web Architect: Loris Scagliarini